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Red Spruce- an important tree for the Bicknell’s Thrush

Balsam Fir, Red Squirrel and Red Spruce

In soils, glacial deposits made.

Red spruce trees are tolerant of shade.

Surviving on mountain tops, where cool,

Moist, refreshing temperatures rule,

Pyramidal shaped, with orange brown cone.

In the north, boreal forest zone.

Sharp pointed prickly, yellow green,

4 sided, short, needles can be seen.

When crushed, a fruity scent, like orange rind,

Identification trait to find.

Acid rain from humans was so bad.

Stress and reduced tolerance, so sad.

Valuable, climax species for now.

Climate change could remove every bough.

Year round, spruce provide food and cover,

For mammals and birds to discover.

In spruce fir forests of the Northeast,

Climb, see, or hear, at the very least,

The Bicknell’s Thrush, a rare bird indeed,

With conservation efforts in need.

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